引用本文:谭浩然,黄志武,吴敏.基于云控制系统的监控系统设计与实现[J].控制与决策,2019,34(8):1688-1694
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基于云控制系统的监控系统设计与实现
谭浩然1, 黄志武1, 吴敏2
(1. 中南大学信息科学与工程学院,长沙410083;2. 中国地质大学自动化学院,武汉430074)
摘要:
基于云计算的控制系统(简称云控制系统)由以云节点形式存在的控制器、传感器和执行器组成,各节点之间通过网络交换数据.针对云控制系统中云节点分布式运行和矩阵类型数据被广泛使用使系统运行状态难以观测的问题,设计并实现了一种云监控系统.该系统采用客户端/服务器架构,使用重构技术将性能稳定、功能丰富的控件以API的形式集成在系统中,满足了自定义监控界面的需求,提高了系统的可靠性.基于TCP/IP协议实现同云节点的双向通信,在获得云节点数据的同时支持数据在线调整,以达到连续监控的目的.通过设置线程池,以异步通信的方式实时获取并显示云节点的数据,达到监控与云节点数据同步.针对云计算中被广泛使用的矩阵类型数据,提供全元素的监控支持.最后,以直流电机系统为被控对象,基于阿里云平台的动态仿真和本地云平台的实际实验,验证了所提出云监控系统的可行性和实用性,促进和完善控制系统与云计算结合在实际中的应用.
关键词:  云控制系统  监控系统  异步通信  双向通信  矩阵监控  自定义监控界面
DOI:10.13195/j.kzyjc.2018.0056
分类号:TP277
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(61672537).
Design and implementation of supervisory system based on cloud control systems
TAN Hao-ran1,HUANG Zhi-wu1,WU Min2
(1. School of Information Science and Engineering,Central South University,Changsha410083,China;2. School of Automation,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan430074,China)
Abstract:
The control system based on cloud computing (cloud control systems) includes controllers, actuators and sensors which exist as cloud nodes. Information is exchanged among cloud nodes via the network. To solve the problem that the cloud control system is difficult to observe, which results from the wide application of the cloud node distributed running and matrix type data, a cloud supervisory system is designed and implemented. In this paper, the client$ / $server architecture of this system is described. The stability and richly functional controls are integrated into the system as the API by reconstructing, which meet the requirement of customize supervisory interface and improve the reliability of systems. The system also supports tuning parameters online to achieve consecutive observation through the duplex channel based on the TCP$ / $IP protocol. The data of cloud nodes is obtained and displayed in real time through asynchronous communication. All the elements of the matrix which is a common data type in cloud control systems are supported to supervise. Finally, for the motor plant, the Internet cloud-based dynamic simulation and Intranet cloud-based experiment demonstrate the feasibility and practicability of the designed system, and further promote and improve the control system combined with cloud computing in practical application.
Key words:  cloud control system  supervisory system  asynchronous communication  duplex communication  matrix supervise  custom supervisory interface

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