引用本文:向小东,李翀.三级低碳供应链联合减排及宣传促销微分博弈研究[J].控制与决策,2019,34(8):1776-1788
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】 附件
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 132次   下载 216 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
三级低碳供应链联合减排及宣传促销微分博弈研究
向小东,李翀
(福州大学经济与管理学院,福州350116)
摘要:
低碳环境下,研究供应商、制造商与零售商组成的三级供应链联合减排及宣传促销微分博弈问题.首先,通过两次成本加成,考虑产品需求受产品减排量、零售商宣传促销努力及产品零售价格的综合影响,得到供应链分散决策与集中决策情形下的动态均衡策略及减排量的最优轨迹.然后,通过数值算例及灵敏度分析比较两种情形下的结果,研究发现:无论分散决策还是集中决策,减排量,产品批发价,供应商、制造商、零售商的努力水平都随时间逐渐增加至某一稳定值,但集中决策的稳定值大于分散决策相应的稳定值;随着供应商、制造商各自的减排努力对产品减排率的影响系数及零售商的宣传促销努力对产品需求的影响系数的增大,减排量、产品批发价、供应链成员努力水平、供应链成员利润、供应链总利润都会增加;集中决策的供应链总利润总是大于分散决策的供应链总利润.最后,对集中决策总利润用多人联盟博弈的多目标决策合作博弈方法进行分配,实现了供应链系统整体绩效的提升.
关键词:  三级低碳供应链  减排  促销  微分博弈  集中决策  多目标决策
DOI:10.13195/j.kzyjc.2017.1752
分类号:F272.3
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71401039);福建省软科学项目(2017R0055).
Differential game models for joint carbon emission reduction and promotion in three-echelon low carbon supply chain
Xiang Xiao-dong,Li chong
(School of Economics and Management,Fuzhou University,Fuzhou350116,China)
Abstract:
This paper studies differential game models for the joint carbon emission reduction and promotion in a three-echelon supply chain consisting of a supplier, a manufacturer and a retailer under the low carbon environment. Based on twice cost accumulation, considering product demand affected by the amount of carbon emission reduction,retailer promotion efforts and product retail prices, the dynamic equilibrium strategy and optimal emission reduction track are abtained under conditions of decentralized manners and centralized manners. Numerical examples and sensitivity analysis show that, the amount of carbon emission reduction, the wholesale price of the product and the effort level of supply chain members will gradually increase to a stable value with time, whether it is under the decentralized manners or the centralized manners, but the stable value under centralized manners is larger than that under the decentralized manners. If the impact coefficients of the supplier's and manufacturer's emission reduction efforts to the rate of emission reduction and the impact coefficient of the retailer's promotion efforts to product demand are increased, the amount of carbon emission reduction, the wholesale price of the product, efforts level of supply chain members, profits of supply chain members and the whole system will increase accordingly. The total profits under centralized decision are larger than that under decentralized manners. Finally, the multi-objective cooperative decision method is used to distribute the total profits in this multi-player alliance game model, which improves the overall performance of the whole supply chain system.
Key words:  three-echelon low carbon supply chain  emission reduction  promotion  differential game  centralized decision  multi-objective decision

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫